Friday, May 22, 2020
Running head: SOCIAL PROBLEM ANALYSIS OF THE GLASS CASTLE 1 Social problem analysis of The Glass Castle-------The impact of the alcoholism Ying Wan SWRK 725 Saint Louis University Professor Shannon Cooper-Sadlo SOCIAL PROBLEM ANALYSIS OF THE GLASS CASTLE 2 Abstract The paper talks about the social problems presented in the book The Glass Castle. And choose one problem which is alcoholism as the major one to explored in depth. It included the population affected by alcoholism, the history of alcoholism, and the steps to solve the alcoholism problem. It also contained the influence of alcoholism to individual, family, and community. The agency NCADD in St. Louis area was chosen to be theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Rex Walls, the father of the family had the abuse of alcohol is the major resource of the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s suffering. It seems that alcoholism is an individual behavior, however, many family and social issues caused by it make it rather to be a social problem. Such as domestic violence, suicide, murder, drinking driving, sex assault, unemployment, child neglect, poverty and many other mental health problems are all the result of alcoholism. In the book, Rex Walls is a typical victim of alcoholism. He cannot take a SOCIAL PROBLEM ANALYSIS OF THE GLASS CASTLE 5 long term stable job; after he got drunk, he damaged household facilities, hurt his wife and children, and sometimes got some street fight and hurt himself. He is a man full of knowledge and life skills, he could have had a good career and a perfect satisfied family, but alcoholism ruined his life and he died indirectly from it. Other than the three major issues mentioned above, there are various other problems existed in the WallsÃ¢â¬â¢ family and their living environment. Unemployment is one of the problems. Due to the alcoholism, the father cannot get a stable job; he can only take some odd jobs and earn some money by gambling. The mother in the family is the one who is not willing to take the job. Her dream is to be an artist, there is nothing wrong with pursuing her artist dream, but under the no income situation, the mother doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want toShow MoreRelatedDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pages978-0-13-612100-8 1. ManagementÃ¢â¬â-Study and teaching. 2. ManagementÃ¢â¬âProblems, exercises, etc. Kim S. II. Title. HD30.4.W46 2011 658.40071 173Ã¢â¬âdc22 I. Cameron, 2009040522 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ISBN 10: 0-13-612100-4 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-612100-8 B R I E F TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S Preface xvii Introduction 1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4 5 6 7 INTERPERSONAL
Friday, May 8, 2020
To what degree are natural law theorists and positivist theorists accurate in terms of the idea that Ã¢â¬Ëan unjust law cannot be a valid lawÃ¢â¬â¢? In this essay i will assess the accuracy of this statement and attempt to define the concept of the validity of law in relation to both natural law theorists and positivist theorists. For the purpose of this essay I will define validity of a law as Ã¢â¬ Having legal force; effective or bindingÃ¢â¬ (The Free Dictionary). The main reason for the continual debate between both theories is that they are both very similar although they may appear to be at contrary ends of each spectrum. Natural law theorists believe that in order for a law to be valid it must have some moral principle therefore if laws which are enacted in statues have no authority, they are not moral. Whereas positivists support and emphasise the importance of a division between morality and law. I will begin by outlining both theories. I will then move onto asses the accuracy of the following statement, Ã¢â¬ËAn unjust law cannot be a valid lawÃ¢â¬â¢ this includes establishing the similarities and differences of both theories; in order to do this effectively it is essential that a thorough understanding of both theories has been developed. Finally I will summarise my findings, An unjust law cannot be a valid law - true or false? The first question we need to address in order to be able to assess this statement is - what is natural law? The basic concept of natural law is that in order for aShow MoreRelatedLaw And Morality From The View Of Natural Law Theorists And Legal Positivists Essay1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLaw and morality can be defined by the interpretation of the individual who is referring to it. If the natural law theorists interpret the connection between law and morality a certain way then legal positivists will interpret it another way. So this means that they will never have the exact same view, it could be slightly similar but never the same. Every philosopher, no matter if they are a natural law theorist or a legal positivist theorist they will think what they want to believe because theyRead MorePositivism : The Ruling Theory Of Law944 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesjuristic thought, which includes such luminaries of philosophy as Thomas Hobbes ( 1588-1679), Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), John Austin (1790-1859) and HLA Hart (1907-1992). Philosopher Ronald Dworkin once described legal positivism as the ruling theory of law. Since the time of Bentham and Austin legal positivism was the dominant theory and was held by most legal scholars in one way or another and was also the working theory of most legal practitionerÃ¢â¬â¢s. Although recognized as a dominating jurisprudentialRead MoreThe Distinction Between Natural Law And Legal Positivism Essay1747 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdeliberate, scrutinize and define the distinction between natural law and legal positivism. I will make distinctions regarding advantages and disadvantages of the definitions of the theories of natural law and legal positivism. By focussing on slavery as an example I will be looking at various theorists and their theories thereby attempting to make sense and find clarity in this regard. Furthermore to understand the aspects of natural law and legal positivism, one has to understand the theories ofRead MoreJurisprudence- Critical Discussion of the Speluncean Explorers1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAs a positivist, the law is unambiguous and direct. Firstly what is positivism? According to positivism, there is nothing intrinsically moral about the law. A law enacted by a legislature can be evil and immoral; there is no fundamental connection between the two. Whether what they did was right or wrong is not a matter for a judge. A judge is educated and skilled to discern legality from morality. According to John Austin, legal positivism is the actual continuation and content of the law dependingRead MoreEssay on Justice1493 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesachieve itÃ¢â¬â¢. Justice is something that we all want from a Law and believe should be an integral part in any legal system. However, the meaning of Justice is very difficult to define. There are many aspects of justice that we may question about; i.e. is a particular law just? Is the legal system just? Much of the issue of justice is very controversial and raises questions such as whether the combination of Law and system produce a just result? Justice has a definitionRead MoreThe Case Of Brown V. Board Of Education Of Topeka1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesjustified in ruling in the manner they did. So, natural law theorists like St. Thomas Aquinas and John Finnis, legal positivists like H. L. A. Hart, and philosopher Ronald Dworkin, while having fundamental differences in their beliefs of what law is, how it is determined, and how cases are adjudicated, would still arrive at the fact that the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education was legally justified. Natural law theory is essentially the belief that law is derived from humansÃ¢â¬â¢ unique ability to reasonRead MoreLegal Positivists And Natural Law1966 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¢â¬ËAn unjust law cannot be a valid lawÃ¢â¬â¢ In the light of Natural Law and Positivist theories, assess the accuracy of the above statement. To what extent are legal positivists and natural law theorists accurate in terms of the idea that Ã¢â¬Ëan unjust law cannot be a valid lawÃ¢â¬â¢? In this essay i will attempt to define the concept of the validity of law in relation to both natural law theorists and positivist theorists. For the purpose of this essay I will define validity of a law as Ã¢â¬ Having legal force; effectiveRead MoreThe Theory Of Criminal Behavior1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesunderstand the cause of criminal behavior and crime. Some examples of these theories are Classical Theory, Deterrence Theory, Positivist Theory, Strain Theory, and Social Learning Theory. The Classical Theory developed by Cesare Beccaria, introduces the idea of free will. Acknowledging people are capable of possessing free will introduces the freedom people have to choose to be a law abiding citizen or to be delinquent. The Classical Theory was derived from the Classical School which also included a theoryRead MoreMorality Vs. Morality : Morality And Morality1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough law and morality are two separate issues it is evident that morality plays a crucial role in the law. Dr. JÃ ¼rgen Habermas stated Ã¢â¬Å"law is internally relatedÃ¢â¬ ¦ to moralityÃ¢â¬ . The idea of law is not that it must be moral but that it provides a system to allow people to live together peacefully in a society. However, as much as it is debated, it is apparent that in order for human civilisation to work laws must generally be moral. Natural law is a theory that emphasises the role of morality inRead MoreThe Nature Of People s Beliefs1660 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageseven the ideas of the law are exempt from this occurrence. Since the spoken word, hundreds of philosophers have defined law in different ways. Seeing law in different ways people can come to different conclusions about specific cases. The Fugitive Slave Law was a controversial law in American history. The Fugitive Slave Law allowed slave-owners to capture their slaves who have fled North to free states. In United States v Morris, the emancipators challenged the Fugitive Slave Law in Boston. A group
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(135) " for males and females on the advice of Trotter and Gleser \(1952\) who state the specificity of such measurements in relation to sex\." School of Biological Earth Sciences BIEGN3005 Honours Project March 2010 Student name: Stephen Dempsey Supervisor name: Professor Alan Turner Estimating femur length from the diameter of the femoral shaft Stephen Dempsey BIEGN300 Honours Project Person Number: 343106 Submission Date: 5th March 2010 Abstract Bone lengths can be used to provide stature estimations in case of unidentified skeletal remains, an important tool in forensic and bioarchaelogical cases. Where the bones are broken or fragmented, regression equations can be used to estimate total bone length from its fragments, which in turn can be used to estimate stature. The aim of this study was to test 2 new measurements of the femoral shaft to see if they could be used as predictors of maximum femoral length. We will write a custom essay sample on Osteology: Estimating Femur Length from the Diameter of the Femoral Shaft or any similar topic only for you Order Now The minimum transverse femoral shaft diameter and the minimum anterior-posterior femoral shaft where measured on a small sample of an archaeological population from Poulton, Cheshire, along with the maximum femur length for each sample. Simple linear regression analysis was performed and the results showed that the minimum transverse femoral shaft diameter correlated significantly in both males (R2=. 635, p=0. 006) and females (R2=0. 8, p=? 0. 001) with maximum femur length. The minimum anterior-posterior femoral shaft diameter showed no significant correlation with maximum femur length. Subsequently, regression equations were presented for the significant correlations. Further research is needed to validate the results and to improve the accuracy of the method. 1. Introduction The role of a forensic anthropologist in forensic and archaeological cases is to establish demographics (population affinity, age, sex and stature), time since death and cause of death from an individualÃ¢â¬ â¢s remains (Chibba et al, 2006). The use of stature as a biological characteristic of identity can significantly contribute to the identification of unknown skeletal remains. Numerous areas of the skeleton have been used to try and determine an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s living height such as the upper limb bones (Rao et al. 1989), lower limb bones (Trotter and Gleeson, 1952), the metatarsals (Cordiero et al, 2009) and the skull (Ryan and Bidmos, 2007). Hauser et al. (2005) provide a good review of the past research in the area of stature estimation. One of the methods used in the estimation of stature is the formulation of regression equations from measurements of various bone lengths. Pearson (1899) was the first to derive regression equations for estimating stature, and since then it has grown to be the method of choice among most anthropologists. Many of the methods used to approximate stature require complete or near complete bones, so consequently few studies have been done on incomplete or fragmentary bones (Bidmos, 2008). Forensic anthropologists are often confronted with fragmented bones and in these cases it is impossible to derive regression equations directly from bone length (Rao et al. 989). Wright and Vasquez (2003) state the problems they faced in Guatemala in which they were often unable to estimate stature from bone length due to the rapid deterioration of bone in the tropical environment. This is only one of many factors that lead to the all too frequent recovery of broken or fragmented remains. Therefore it is beneficial to have equations available for bone length or stature derived from measurements of smaller segments or landmarks on the chosen bone. The femur is the favoured bone of use among anthropologists in estimating stature, due to its high correlation with height in addition to the fact that it is one of bones most often recovered (Simmons et al. 1990). A number of measurements of the femur have already been reported to have good correlations with femur length. Many of these measurements focus on the proximal and distal ends of the femur such as the upper epicondylar length, epicondylar breath, vertical neck diameter and the bicondylar breathe (Brauer, 1988), yet few have focused on measurements of the femoral shaft. This pilot study looks to test the validity of 2 measurements from the femoral shaft as predictors of maximum femoral length. The points of reference chose on the femur are the minimum transverse femoral shaft diameter (TRD) and the minimum anterior-posterior diameter (APD) of the femoral shaft. The samples being used are that of an archaeological population recovered from a medieval cemetery in Poulton, Cheshire. The aim is to use linear regression analysis to test the assumption that there is a significant correlation between these measurements and the maximum femoral length. A further aim is to produce regression equations that can be used on other skeletal remains from the Poulton collection for estimating maximum femur length. 2. Materials and Methods 2. 1 Samples The samples used in this study were obtained from the Poulton collection housed at Liverpool John Morres University. Due to the small size of the collection at present and the poor condition of some of the bones, a total number of 18 left sided femora were selected for use in the study. These femora were chosen on the basis of completeness and measurability. All the samples were obtained from adults skeletal remains and the number of male and females femora was 10 and 8 respectively. 2. 2 Measurements The following 3 measurements were taken on each of the 18 samples: i. Maximum length of the femur (MAXL) ii. Minimum anterior-posterior femoral shaft diameter (APD) iii. Minimum transverse femoral shaft diameter (TRD) The MAXL measurement was taken as described by Brauer (1988). The APD and TRD measurements were taken as described by Ziylin and Mursid (2002). The MAXL was measured using an osteometric board. The APD and TRD were measured using a sliding callipers with an accuracy of 0. 1 mm. Linear regression analysis was carried using the SPSS statistic program to see if any correlation existed between the measurements taken of the femoral shaft (APD and TRD) and the maximum length of the femur. All analysis was carried out separately for males and females on the advice of Trotter and Gleser (1952) who state the specificity of such measurements in relation to sex. You read "Osteology: Estimating Femur Length from the Diameter of the Femoral Shaft" in category "Essay examples" 3. Results The descriptive statistics for males and females are shown in Table 1. Males showed the highest mean values of each of the 3 measurements taken. Males also showed the higher standard deviations in respect to MAXL and APD, with females showing a higher standard deviation for TRD. Table 1 Descriptive statistics for measurements of male and female left femora. All descriptive values are given in mm. Measurements| Male| Female| | N| Mean| Std. dev| N| Mean | Std. dev| MAXL| 10| 466. 60| 16. 965| 8| 429. 13| 11. 643| TRD| 10| 27. 910| 1. 365| 8| 24. 725| 1. 752| APD| 10| 28. 190| 2. 497| 8| 27. 138| 1. 840| Table 2 shows the results of the linear regression analysis that was performed. Both APD and TRD were regressed against MAXL according to sex. The analysis showed that the variable APD showed no significant correlation to MAXL for males (R2=0. 154, P=0. 262) or females (R2=0. 044, P=0. 619). TRD provided more positive results showing a moderate significant correlation in respect to males (R2=0. 635, P=0. 006), and a strong significant correlation in respect to females (R2=0. 88, P=0. 001). Scatter plots (Figure 1. and Figure 2. ) show the distribution of the TRD among males and females along the line of regression. These graphs add weight to the correlations presented in Table 3 in that it is clear the females fit line of regression better than the males. Regression equations for estimating MAXL from measurements of TRD are provided in Table 3. The standard error of the estimates is also shown in Table 3, which is considerably lower in females. Due to this lack any significant correlation for the APD measurement it was decided that it would be irrelevant to perform multiple regression analysis using both the TRD and APD variables. As a result no regression equations were computed for APD. Table 2 Results of linear regression analysis of MAXL (dependant value) against TRD (independent value) and MAXL (dependant value) and APD (independent value) for males and females. Significance is reported at the 5% level. Measurements| Male| Female| | B*| Sig(B)*| R2| F-value| P-value| B*| Sig(B)*| R2| F-Value| P-Value| APD| 2. 668| 0. 262| 0. 154| 1. 459| 0. 262| 1. 322| 0. 619| 0. 044| 0. 274| 0. 619| TRD| 9. 91| 0. 006| 0. 635| 2. 895| 0. 006| 6. 234| ? 0. 001| 0. 88| 42. 810| ? 0. 001| * B Ã¢â¬â Slope of the regression line Sig (B)* Ã¢â¬â Signification of the slope in relation to zero. 0. 05 = slope significantly different from zero. Table 3 Regression equations for estimation of the MAXL from measurement of the TRD. Separate equations for males and females. Measurement| Male | Female| TRD| MAXL=9. 91(TRD) +190. 1 (SEE* =10. 865mm)| MAXL=6. 234(TRD) +274. 990 (SEE* =4. 365)| * SEE Ã¢â¬â Standard error of the estimate Figure 1 Regression of minimum transverse femoral shaft diameter on maximum length of the femur in females. Figure 2 Regression of minimum transverse femoral shaft diameter on maximum length of the femur in males. 4. Discussion The analysis performed on the 2 measurements taken from the femoral shaft gave very contrasting results. It is clear that APD is not a reliable indicator of femur length with equally poor correlation shown for both males (0. 54) and females (0. 044). A contributing factor to this is the differences among individuals in the size and pronunciation of the linea aspera, a morphological feature of the femur that runs along the posterior shaft of the femur. Since the linea aspera is a point of attachment for a number of muscles, it can be presumed that intrapopulation variation in muscle mass and activity contributes to the low cor relation obtained (Wright and Vasquez, 2003). On the other hand the significant correlations (Table 2) show that TRD is a good predictor of maximum femur length in both males (0. 635) and females (0. 8) in cases where the femora are broken or incomplete. Therefore the equations (Table 3) obtained can be used to estimate maximum femur length and thereafter stature using the appropriate equations/tables/ multiplication factors available in the literature (Trotter and Gleser 1952, 1958) (Simmons et al. 1990). Some authors have argued that it is more accurate to calculate stature directly from bone measurements (direct method), rather than the 2-step approach of first estimating the bone length and then using that value to obtain an estimation of stature which is known as the indirect method (Simmons et al. 1990). Bidmos (2009) compared the 2 methods using measurements of the femur and found the direct method to be more accurate; in contrast to earlier work by Steel (1970), who found the opposite to be the case. Bidmos (2009) commented on the fact that both steps of the indirect method incur standard errors, hence increasing the overall error value. His results reflect this observation. Since this study is only focused on determining the validity of femoral shaft measurements as predictors of femoral length it is thought that concentrating on the direct method in future studies of the Poulton collection may provide more accurate stature estimations. Other factors also need to be taken into consideration before using the results obtained in this study. The number of samples used is considerably low due to the current size of the Poulton collection and the damage some of the individual skeletons have incurred. For these reasons it is impossible to tell whether the results accurately represent the Poulton population. For instance, in Table 1 it can be seen that standard deviations for MAXL is higher in males than females, indicating that there is a greater variability in the maximum femur length among males. This explains lower correlation obtained in the males samples when MAXL was regressed against TRD. A repeat of this study with a greater number of samples may further improve the accuracy of the derived equations (Table 3), particularly in males. Another area of concern is the population specificity of such regression equations. Ethnicity, heredity, climate and nutrition status are known to affect length of long bones (Prasad et al, 1996), which in turn affects stature. From this, one could conclude that the equations in Table 3 are specific to the Poulton collection and any attempt at using them on a different population should be approached with caution. In light of this remark it is also advised that equations for estimating stature from maximum femur length be produced specifically for the Poulton collection, as any of the existing equations may prove unreliable due to these population biases. 5. Conclusions This study shows that the TRD measurements taken from the femur is a good predictor of MAXL. This is confirmed in the results with the correlations eing 0. 6 (Table 2), P-values being 0. 01 (Table 2) and the standard error of the estimated being 11mm (Table 3). However it is advised that caution should be taken in using the results until further efforts are made to validate and improve the given regression equations (Table 3) with the use of large sample sizes and different populations. It can also be assumed that these equations are populat ion specific and may prove misleading if used on populations other than that used in this study. The APD measurements of the femur showed to be a very poor predictor of MAXL (Table 2 and Table 3). This has been contributed to the morphological differences between individuals in the linea aspera. It is unclear whether further analysis could yield contrasting results but on the evidence of the results gathered from this study it is advised that the APD variable be disregarded in future research on stature and bone length estimation. Acknowledgments I would like to thank Professor Alan turner for help in choosing the topic. I would also like to thank Colin Armstrong of the LJMU technical staff for his help in accessing the materials necessary for completing this research. Bibliography Bidmos, M. A. (2009). Fragmentary femora: evaluation of the direct and indirect methods in stature reconstruction. Forensic Science international. 192 (1-3), pp. 131-135. Bidmos, M . A. (2008). Fragmentary femora in stature reconstruction of South Africans of European descent. Journal of Forensic Science. 53, (5), 1044Ã¢â¬â1048. Brauer, G. Osteometri in: Martin, R. and Knubmann, B. (1998). Anthropologie: Handbuch der Versleichenden Biologie des Menschen. pp. 160-323,G. Fischer, Stuttgart, Germany. Chibba, K. , Bidmos, M. A. 2007) Using Tibial fragments from South Africans of European decent to estimate maximum tibia length and stature. Forensic Science International. 169, 145-151. Cordiero, C. , Munez-Baros, J. I. , Wasterlain, S. , Eugenia. , C. and Viera, D. N. (2009) Predicting adult stature from metacarpal length in a Portuguese population. Forensic Science International. 193, 131. e1 Ã¢â¬â 131. e4 Hauser, R. Smolinski, J. and Gos, T. (2004). The estimation of stature on the basis of measurements of the femur. Forensic Science International. 147, (2-3), 185-190. Pearson K. (1899). Mathematical contributions to the theory of evolution, in: On the reconstruction of the stature of prehistoric races, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, 192, 169Ã¢â¬â244. Prasad, R. Vettive, S. Jeyaseelan, L. Isaac, B. Chandi, G. (1996). Reconstruction of femur length from markers of its proximal end. Clinical Anatomy. 9, 28-32. Rao, K. V. S. , Gupta, G. D, Sehgl, V. N. (1989) Determination of length of upper limb long bones from their fragments. Forensic Science International. 41, 219-223 Ryan, I. and Bidmos, M. A. (2007) Skeletal height reconstruction from measurements of the skull in indigenous South Africans. Forensic Science International. 167, 16-21 Simmons, T. , Jantz, R. L and Bass, W. M. (1990) Stature estimation from fragmentary remains: a review of the Steele method. Journal of Forensic Science. 35, 628-636 Steele, G. (1970) Estimation of stature from fragments of long limb bones, Personal Identification in Mass Disasters, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington DC, 85Ã¢â¬â97. Trotter, M. Gleser, G C. (1958) A re-evaluation of estimation of stature based on measurements of stature taken during life and of bones after death, American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 6, 79Ã¢â¬â124. Trotter, M. Gleser, G C. (1952) Estimation of stature from long bones of Ameerican Whites and Negroes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 10, 453-514 Wright, L. E and Vasquez, M. A. (2003) Estimating the length of incomplete long bones: Forensic standards from Guatemala. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 120, 233-251 Ziylin, T. and Murshid K. A. (2002) Analysis of the Anatolian hu man femur anthropometry. Turkish Journal of Medical Science. 32, 231-235 How to cite Osteology: Estimating Femur Length from the Diameter of the Femoral Shaft, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Gary, the team captain, and Julius, his black roommate, got off to a rough start. In the beginning, each disliked the other intensely. a) Describe why they disliked each other so much. b) In the movie, the two young men had a heart-to heart talk where each angrily told the other how he really felt. Describe the episode and why it was so significant. 1. A) Gary and Julius disliked each other because of the color of their skin and both of them thought that the other was not doing their job of a leader and bringing the team together. These boys were fearful of the change and each other, which lead them to avoid each other as much as possible. When together, the boys would communicate in unproductive ways; they treated each other with complete disrespect and without trust for one another. b) In their heart-to heart talk, Gary tells Julius that he is wasting his football talent by not listening to anyone. We will write a custom essay sample on Remember the titans or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page After an intense practice, Gerry and Julius bumped into each other. Gerry, tired of added practices that Boone had enforced, took advantage of the situation by trying to gather facts to tell Boon. Gerry ended up accusing Julius of being selfish; a stubborn player with a bad attitude. Julius responded to Gerry in a way that allowed Gerry to realize that he wasnt being a true leader. Julius highlighted that Ã¢â¬Å"his white buddiesÃ¢â¬ were not blocking for Rev. In that moment, Gerry realized that he hadnt been a good team captain as he had been treating players unequally. 2) Other than Gary, Julius, and the two coaches, describe two other individuals who made a difference and who made a significant contribution to the success of the Titans. 2. The two other individuals that made a difference were Lewis Lastik and Ronnie Bass . Lewis Lastik was the first person who talked with someone from the other race and got along with them. When he was questioned by Julius why he was not sitting with his own race, he replied by saying that he is with everyone no matter their color. He showed how teammates should interact and behave with each other. Ronnie Bass also had a huge impact on the team. After Jerry Harris was injured, Ronnie Bass stepped in his place and emerged as one of the leaders of the team. Even though he was different from everyone else, he got along with everyone and help the team grow. 3) Provide three examples which illustrate how a friend or outsider was able to help another to see blind spots. 3. 1) Gary had the blind spot and Julius helped him to see it. The blind spot was that Gary was not doing his job as being the leader of the team and treating everyone equally. This was significant because it helped Gary realize that he is not trying his best to be a leader and bring together all his teammates. Coach Boone had the blind spot and Coach Yoast helped him to see it. The blind spot was that Coach Boone cared more about winning games and about him being a winner. This was significant because, Coach Boone realized that he was blinded by his own ambition about winning games and being seen as a winner and he should care more about his players. 3) Coach Yoast had the blind spot and his daughter Sheryl Yoast helped him to see it. The blind spot was that Coach Yoast had too much pride in himself to ask for coach Boones help on defense. This was significant because Coach Yoast realized that in order to win the game, he needs Coach Boones help. 4) Identify two conflict styles one used by Gary and one used by Julius and provide specific examples. 4. Gary used the Competing conflict style. The competing style has a win-lose approach in which the conflict is solved in the favor of the person who wants control of the situation and has low concern for others. Gary used this style when he was talking to Coach Boone about reserving half of the starting positions for the white players and not needing any black players on the defense. He also used this style , when Julius put up a picture of the famous Black Power Salute on his side of the room and Gary wanted him to remove the picture which led to a fight between them and some of the other players. Julius used the Collaborating conflict style. In this conflict style, the two parties involved share their ideas and work together to solve a problem. This conflict style has a win-win approach. Julius used his style when Gary failed to show up to his house to play basketball and the conflict among the two started to build again, Julius went to Garys house to retain the close friendship that they had built. Describe three things that Coach Boone did in order to transform the racial hostility into a unified team effort and explain the significance of each of the three examples. 5. 1) When the team was leaving for camp, all the white players and the black players were sitting in separate buses, when Coach Boone noticed this, he had all the defensive players sit in one bus and all the offensive players sit on the other bus. On the buses, he had everyone sit with someone from the other race and the two people sitting together had toÃ be roommates throughout the camp. The significance of this change was that it let the players know that there will be no differences among the two races and everyone should treat each other equally. 2) Coach Boone had all of his players meet and learn about someone from the other race and report to him until they have met everyone of the opposite race that was on the team. The significance of this was that Coach Boone wanted all to players to know each other and decrease the racial tension among the two races. 3) Coach Boone took the team on a run to the Gettysburg field. On this field , the Battle of Gettysburg took place. This was significant because it showed the team that if they dont come together and get rid of the hate, they will be destroyed just like the many lives that were lost during that Battle of Gettysburg. Remember the Titans Case Study by Manpreet Singh Harjot Samra Interpersonal Communication Professor: Bart Chudleigh August 10, 2013 Remember the titans free essay sample I decided to do my report on one of my favorite movies Remember the Titans because of the movies strong message and its focus on race. Race is each of the major divisions of humankind, having distinct physical characteristics. Racism will always exist and people will always be stereotyped due to the color of their skin and their religion. The social perspective that the author uses in the movie is the conflict perspective. In the beginning of the film both schools were segregated. Segregation was beneficial to the Caucasians but not the blacks. It restricted the blacks from nicer things and eating at certain restaurants. The black and white football players were involved in several fights with each other. Once the schools integrated there were riots every day and the football team would have to break them up. During the course of the movie the football players started getting along due to their coaches great leadership and the rest of the town seemed to stop caring about racial problems with each other once they saw the success it brought their football team. We will write a custom essay sample on Remember the titans or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Based on the true story of the explosive events that took place in Alexandria, Virginia in 1971 when African-American football coach Herman Boone was hired to guide an integrated but racially polarized high school team; the T. C Williams Titans. Angry, stubborn and a rigid taskmaster, Boone faces a cool reception from the teamÃ¢â¬â¢s players as well as an awkward relationship with assistant coach Bill Yoast, a local white man with seniority and a tradition of winning who was bypassed for the job. AAs the two men learn to overcome their ignorance and bigotry and realize that they have much in common, integrity, honor and a strong work ethic they work together to transform a group of angry and unfocused players into a dynamic winning team of responsible young men. In the process, they also unite a divided community and ensure that Virginia will always Ã¢â¬Å"Remember the Titans. Ã¢â¬ Prejudice is a preconceived opinion not based on reason or experience. Most of the white kids on the football team didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be on the same team as the black kids. They thought all of the black players were not team oriented meaning they would only focus on their stats. The two races spent half of training camp fighting each other. The white players also thought that since their coach was black he would be biased. Once the black and white football playerÃ¢â¬â¢s first start hanging out Gary Bartier agrees to meet Julius at a local park to play basketball. When GaryÃ¢â¬â¢s mom first hears about this she is very angry and says if GaryÃ¢â¬â¢s father was alive he would be very disappointed that he is hanging with a Negro. She thought all blacks were bad and always looking for trouble. Stereotype is a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. Racism is a big social issue. Racism is when a particular group is discriminated against because of their color, beliefs, or religion. When schools first integrated, T. C WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢s school officials offered Coach Boone the head coaching position expecting him to fail. As soon as he lost one game they would have stripped him of that position. That wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only problem he had to overcome, all of the white players refused to play for him because he was black. Most of the white parents in the community didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like the fact that their kids were playing for a black coach either. Team Work is two or more people working together to help a performance come off as planned. They could have been like everyone else in town and not have gotten anywhere close to the other race without fighting but the team went the other direction. They went from being segregated to coming together. They chose to come together for reasons bigger than football. They brought their whole community together. They also won a championship together and consider themselves brothers to this very day. People who influence the behaviors, opinions or attitudes of others are called leaders. Gary Bartier was the first white player from the previous yearÃ¢â¬â¢s team to start communicating with the black players. He called players out regardless of their race. He was the captain of the team and he even made a huge decision by cutting one of his best friends from the team because he refused to block for black players. Even when he became paralyzed and couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t play football anymore the team still rallied and got advice from him. Segregation is the separation of racial or ethnic groups. Black people went to one high school and the white people attended a separate on before budget cuts forced them to integrate. One night after the football team won a big game a few white and black players from the team went out to a restaurant. When they walked in the restaurant it was half empty but the owner said it was full. The players argued with the owner then the owner said he had the right to serve whoever he wanted and he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want any black people in his place of business. Trying to eliminate a group of people because of race or religion is called genocide. When a young black boy was murdered in July of 1971 there were riots all over the city. The black and whites wanted to destroy each other completely. The black boy was murdered by a white store owner so all of the black people went to where the store was located and got revenge. They busted out several windows of stored. The two races did not like each other at all. Discrimination is the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex. One of the white players on the offensive line refused to block for the black quarterback. Other teammates saw this and warned the lineman to block several times. He continued to refuse and consequently got kicked off of the team by his best friend. When the football teams integrated and began getting along they returned to school and had to choose sides. Authorization leader is one who gives orders to others. Coach Boone was an authorization leader from the very first day he accepted the head coaching position. He demanded the full attention of his players as well as their respect. Boone taught the players perfection, they knew if the fumbled the football or missed a block they had to run a mile. He stood behind what he said. The changes that he brought to the football team became a community wide epidemic and it led to the demise of segregation and discrimination. The process by which a minority group is absorbed into the mainstream culture is called assimilation. When the movie first begins, black people are not allowed into most places with white owners. However, as the movie progresses black people start to become a major part of the community. This happens when the town notices that the blacks and whites on the football team can work together for a positive outcome. Remember the Titans reflect the world because itÃ¢â¬â¢s based on a true story. Back in the early 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s racism existed all over the nation and especially the south. Blacks and whites could not get along at all. Numerous riots occurred resulting in several deaths. People like Coach Boone and Dr. King are the reasons we are integrated today.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
constitutionalism The seventeenth century, which witnessed the development of absolute monarchy, also saw the appearance of the constitutional state. While France solved the question of sovereignty with the absolutist state, England evolved toward the constitutional state. If we could assign a very simple definition of the term of the term constitutionalism, it would be the limitation of government by law. Constitutionalism implies a very delicate balance between the authority and power of government, on the one hand, and the rights and liberties of the subjects, on the other. In essence, the law is embodied by a set of precepts and principles Ã¢â¬â a constitution. A nationÃ¢â¬â¢s constitution may be written or unwritten. It may be embodied in one basic document, occasionally revised by amendment or judicial decision, like the Constitution of the United States. It also may be partly written and partly unwritten and include parliamentary statutes, judicial decisions, and a body of traditional proc edures and practices (like the English constitution). Regardless of whether it is written or unwritten, a constitution gets its binding force from the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s acknowledgment that it must respect that constitution Ã¢â¬â that is, that the state must govern according to the laws. Likewise, in this state, the people look on the laws and the constitution as the protector of their rights, liberty, and property. Modern constitutional governments may take either a republican or a monarchical form. In a constitutional republic, the sovereign power resides in the electorate and is exercised by the electorateÃ¢â¬â¢s representatives. In a constitutional monarchy, a king or queen serves as the head of state and possesses some residual political authority, but again the ultimate, or sovereign, power rests in the electorate. The constitutional government at this time period has sometimes been perceived to be the same as the democratic form. However, such is d... Free Essays on Monarchy Free Essays on Monarchy constitutionalism The seventeenth century, which witnessed the development of absolute monarchy, also saw the appearance of the constitutional state. While France solved the question of sovereignty with the absolutist state, England evolved toward the constitutional state. If we could assign a very simple definition of the term of the term constitutionalism, it would be the limitation of government by law. Constitutionalism implies a very delicate balance between the authority and power of government, on the one hand, and the rights and liberties of the subjects, on the other. In essence, the law is embodied by a set of precepts and principles Ã¢â¬â a constitution. A nationÃ¢â¬â¢s constitution may be written or unwritten. It may be embodied in one basic document, occasionally revised by amendment or judicial decision, like the Constitution of the United States. It also may be partly written and partly unwritten and include parliamentary statutes, judicial decisions, and a body of traditional proc edures and practices (like the English constitution). Regardless of whether it is written or unwritten, a constitution gets its binding force from the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s acknowledgment that it must respect that constitution Ã¢â¬â that is, that the state must govern according to the laws. Likewise, in this state, the people look on the laws and the constitution as the protector of their rights, liberty, and property. Modern constitutional governments may take either a republican or a monarchical form. In a constitutional republic, the sovereign power resides in the electorate and is exercised by the electorateÃ¢â¬â¢s representatives. In a constitutional monarchy, a king or queen serves as the head of state and possesses some residual political authority, but again the ultimate, or sovereign, power rests in the electorate. The constitutional government at this time period has sometimes been perceived to be the same as the democratic form. However, such is d...
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Language and Citizenship Language and Citizenship Language and Citizenship By Maeve Maddox Most countries have an Ã¢â¬Å"officialÃ¢â¬ language. Several have more than one. Government business and schools are conducted in the official language. Official documents are printed in the official language. Knowledge of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s official language is usually one of the stated requirements for citizenship. For example, here are some language requirements I found in naturalization guidelines available on the web: Canada Be able to communicate in one of CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s official languages. France Provide proof of adequate knowledge of the French language. Germany Be able to speak German to B1 standard in the Common European Framework of Reference. Mexico Prove knowledge of Spanish and Mexican history. UK Be able to communicate in English, Welsh or Scottish Gaelic to an acceptable degree. USA Pass an English test Just how stringently the language requirement is enforced varies from place to place. Knowledge of Japanese is not specifically mentioned in the guidelines I found on line, but because an applicant for citizenship must complete the process entirely in Japanese, itÃ¢â¬â¢s unlikely that anyone could achieve citizenship without considerable fluency in the language. The UK has only recently required applicants for citizenship to provide proof they can speak the local language at the B1 level; the outcry against the stiffer requirements is still in progress. A speaker at the B1 level can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. can deal with most situations likely to arise while traveling in an area where the language is spoken. can produce simple connected text on topics that are familiar or of personal interest. can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. Under a new rule, Canada now requires something similar to the European B1: Ã¢â¬Å"applicants [for citizenship] must provide objective evidence that they meet the language requirement, achieving the Canadian Language Benchmark/Niveau de compÃ ©tence linguistique canadien 4 speaking and listening, when they file their application.Ã¢â¬ The United States government, on the other hand, is not only very generous in providing test waivers, but it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t provide much of a test to those who canÃ¢â¬â¢t claim exemption. A new citizen commenting at the Business Week site describes his experience: I prepared for three months for this exam.  For the reading part of the exam, I was asked to read the following sentence: Today is a sunny day. For the writing part of the exam, I was asked to write the following words: Today is a sunny day.  I was flat out insulted. It doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem unreasonable to expect immigrants who plan to spend the rest of their lives in a country to learn to speak the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s language of government and education. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the General category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:50 Synonyms for Ã¢â¬Å"LeaderÃ¢â¬ Story Writing 101Words That Begin with Q
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Examination - Essay Example The issue to be settled is whether or not Joan, Jake, and Johnny are guilty of violating the Securities law prohibiting insider trading Ã¢â¬â Johnny in his capacity as officer of the firm, and Joan and Jake who acted on tips from Johnny. Sec 16 (b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 directly addresses insider trading, while Sec 10(b) indirectly does so. Insiders refer to the officers, corporate directors, or beneficial owners of more than 10% of a firmÃ¢â¬â¢s shares.1 The case law is SEC v Texas Gulf Sulphur Co. (1966) which ruled that anyone in possession of inside information must either disclose the information or refrain from trading. Dirks v SEC (1984) ruled that tippees (receivers of second-hand, non-public material information) are liable if the tipper was in breach of fiduciary duty, and he/she and the tippee personally benefitted from the disclosure. Illegal insider trading Ã¢â¬Å"involves the theft of valuable information about corporate plans that properly belongs to the corporation and its investors.Ã¢â¬ 2 Its vigorous prohibition is necessary to protect the intellectual property rights that rightfully belong to the corporation and its shareholders.3 Illegal trading is done when the purchase or sale of securities is conducted in breach of fiduciary relationship on the basis of non-public, material information, in such a way that the price of the security is affected. It is also illegal for the person enjoying such relationship of trust and confidence to tip such material, non-public information for them to trade on such basis. Aside from appropriating the information in violation of property rights, insider trading also reduces the incentives of legitimate market participants to make discoveries of information, by unjustly appropriating trading profits on undisclosed information. It robs investors of many benefits of